Stop ‘Bullying’

Oleh : Aisyah | Mahasiswi |

Bullying, kata yang tidak asing di telinga kita, setelah banyaknya korban bullying yaitu siswa-siswi sehingga terganggu psikologisnya. Bullying berasal dari kata bully (dalam bahasa Inggris) yang berarti panganiyayaan, orang yang suka mengganggu orang yang lemah. Perilaku seperti ini, dapat terjadi di semua lingkungan, tetapi yang paling sering kita jumpai adalah di lingkungan sekolah dan perkuliahan. Siswa yang berada di tingkat yang lebih atas, merasa dirinya lebih berkuasa, kemudian menunjukkan kekuasaannya kepada yang lebih rendah. Bahwa untuk bisa bertahan di lingkungannya, harus menuruti kemauannya.

Ada beberapa hal yang menyebabkan bullying tesebut terjadi. Pertama, karena anak tidak memperoleh keadilan baik di sekolah maupun rumahnya, sehingga mereka melampiaskan kekesalannya kepada orang yang lebih lemah daripada dirinya. Kedua, karena orang tua yang cenderung menuruti semua keinginan anaknya. Lantas si anak cenderung berbuat apa yang mereka inginkan baik terhadap teman sebaya maupun yang lebih muda darinya. Ketiga, gadget serta media sosial juga sangat mempengaruhi perilaku anak, anak cenderung akan mengaplikasikan apa yang mereka lihat dalam gadgetnya, maka apabila yang mereka tonton adalah sebuah perkelahian, hal tersebut  akan menyebabkan anak melakukan bullying terhadap lingkungannya. Selain dari pelaku, bullying juga dapat disebabkan karena faktor kobannya yang terlalu tertutup untuk menceritakan dan melaporkan kejadian tersebut kepada orang yang mereka percayai sehingga bullying terjadi secara continue.

Dari layanan yang dibuka kementrian sosial melalui telepon sahabat anak (tespa), sejak Januari hingga 15 Juli, tercatat ada 976 pengaduan dan 17 adalah kasus bullying. “Bullying memiliki banyak dampak pada korban. Mulai dari depresi sampai menutup diri paling fatal, korban bisa bunuh diri,” kata mentri sosial Khofifah Indar Parawansa di Semarang, Jawa Tengah.

Selain itu dampak yang diakibatkan oleh bullying dalam kehidupan sehari-hari yaitu membuat psikologis anak menjadi terganggu. Orang yang yang memiliki sejarah pernah menjadi korban bullying psikologisnya akan berbeda dengan orang yang terbebas dari sejarah bullying. Orang yang pernah dibully hidupnya akan terus merasa kurang, tidak percaya diri dan sulit bersosialisasi. Sebaliknya, orang yang terbebas dari pembulian akan mersa cukup, percaya diri, dan banyak teman yang mendukung kehidupannya.

Bullying semakin marak terjadi, mungkin penyebabnya adalah sanksi dari penegak hukum hanya berlaku untuk para pelaku yang umurnya telah memenuhi syarat untuk diberi sanksi hukum. Sedangkan untuk pelaku yang masih dibawah umur belum terdapat sanksi yang menjeratnya. Mungkin perlu adanya sanksi masyarakat seperti pengucilan, sindiran bahkan jika perlu, pelaku bullying diposisikan atau diperlakukan sama seperti korbannya oeh orang yang lebih berkuasa, agar pelaku tahu dan sadar bagaimana rasanya menjadi koban pembullyan.

Psikologi konseling Muhammad Iqbal menyebut, kasus kekerasan terhadap anak pada tahun 2014 cukup tinggi. Meski pada tahun 2015 dan 2016 jumlahnya menurun, pada tahun 2017 kasus serupa kembali mencuat. “Data yang diterima, naik lagi di tahun 2017,” ujarnya.

Akan sangat tidak pantas apabila lingkungan sekolah yang seharusnya menjadi rumah kedua serta untuk memperoleh pendidikan, kemudian menjadi tempat yang membuat mereka merasa tidak nyaman. Mereka, para korban bullying justru menerima perbuatan yang tidak berpendidikan.

Oleh karena itu, kerjasama antara orang tua dengan guru sangatlah penting untuk memonitori apakah seorang anak telah melakukan perannya dengan baik sebagai anak, sebagai siswa, serta sebagai teman untuk lingkungannya. Selain itu, komunikasi antara orang tua dengan anak juga tidak kalah penting, orang tua harus mampu menjadi gudang cerita anaknya. Masalah anak mau bercerita kepada orang tuanyapun harus bagaimana orang tua mampu bersikap friendly kepada anaknya, agar anak mau bercerita. Dengan begitu anak tidak merasa terbebani dengan masalah yang dihadapinya serta bersama-sama mampu menemukan solusi dari permasalahan tersebut.

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